In the dynamic world of cannabis, a game-changing innovation has taken center stage: supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2) extraction. This cutting-edge method has transformed how valuable compounds within the plant’s trichomes are harnessed. Let’s explore CO2 extraction’s details and its crucial role in driving the cannabis sector forward. From extraction techniques to a wide array of commercial uses, the journey of these extracts showcases modern cannabis ingenuity.
Carbon dioxide, a familiar gas, transforms into a “supercritical” state under specific heat and pressure, resembling a dense fog like dry ice. Supercritical CO2 acts as an effective solvent for extracting compounds, including those from cannabis. Trichomes, resin-filled glands on the cannabis plant’s surface, store cannabinoids and terpenes. Extraction aims to separate these from the plant. The process starts with finely grinding buds and enclosing them in a special pouch to let trichomes escape while keeping the plant material.
In an extractor, liquid CO2 enters via a pressurized pump, becoming supercritical due to pressure and temperature. This fog envelops the trichomes and compounds.
Within the high-pressure chamber, resin particles dissolve in supercritical CO2, forming a solution that exits through a pressure relief valve. CO2 turns liquid, bringing particles closer.
The solution moves to a cyclone separator, where fluid dynamics of supercritical CO2 make particles rotate cyclonically. CO2 turns gaseous, ending the process.
In the separator, denser resin particles with cannabinoids and terpenes settle, while lighter CO2 gas returns for reuse. This eco-friendly recycling aspect is a key feature of supercritical CO2 extraction.
The journey from cannabis flowers to resin-rich extracts underpins diverse commercial products. Extracts are integrated into tailored formulations. In premium edibles, resins dissolve into mediums like oil or butter, infusing chocolates and gummies for consistent potency and true flavors. For therapeutic tinctures, cannabinoids and terpenes blend with carrier oils for precise dosing and relief. In beauty and wellness, extracts harmonize with ingredients for luxurious topicals like creams and balms. Our animated educational video guides you through this intricate process, offering deep insights into premium cannabis extracts. Embark on the journey of supercritical CO2 extraction, where science, innovation, and sustainability converge.